Chandrayaan-2, developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation, is all set to take off on July 15 from Sriharikota aboard a GSLV (Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle). With a cost of about Rs 1,000 crores, this Moon mission is expected to land on the Moon's surface in an attempt to explore the South Pole region of the satellite.
ISRO's Chandrayaan-2 will carry with it an orbiter called Vikram and a moon rover called Pragyaan. According to photos released by the space agency, the landing module has been placed on top of the rocket covered with golden film to protect in extreme temperatures.
As per a report by MensXP, the Chandrayaan-2 weighs 3.8 tons, with the lander itself weighing about 1,470 kilograms. The mission will conduct a total of 14 scientific experiments and will image the Moon's surface alongside mapping corresponding areas. The rover, responsible for analysing the surface soil and rocks, weighs about 27 kgs.
The report suggests that a soft landing on the Moon's surface will be a challenge as this will be India's first attempt at doing that. If successful, it will pave the way for future manned missions that can take the same route. If the feat is achieved, India will become the fourth nation after US, China, and Russia to master soft landings. Israel tried unsuccessfully to do the same last year.
ISRO's GSLV Mark 3, the rocket responsible for taking Chandrayaan-2 to space, has been dubbed "Baahubali". With a weight of 640 tons and a height of 44 meters, this rocket will thrust the Moon mission on its long journey. This will be the first mission to land on the South Pole, which has remained uncharted territory.